Tiergarten Bernburg

Symposiumsberichte Zoo Design

Jeden Tag geöffnet ...




9:00 Uhr


18:00 Uhr




9:00 Uhr


18:00 Uhr







Zoo Design. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Zoo Design and Construction.

Paignton, 13th - 15th May 1975. Editor: A. Philip G. Michelmore. Paignton Zoological & Botanical Gardens Ltd. 1976.

General Principles of Zoo Design

  • Jacobi, E.F.: Zoo planning and climate. S. 2-5.
  • Michelmore, A. P[hilip] G.: Proverbs from Paignton. S. 6-8.
  • Knowles, J[ohn]: Simplicity & Flexibility in Designing & Building a Zoological Park from Scratch. S. 9-13.
  • Toovey, J[ohn] W.: General Principles of Zoo Building Design. S. 14-17.
  • Liebhardt, Frederick & Charles Faust: A Comprehensive Tool for Zoo Survival. S. 18-22.
  • Lock, J.M.: Constructing Zoos in Developing Countries. S. 23-28.
  • Nouvel, J.: The History, Present State and Evolution of Zoo Architecture. S. 29-33.
  • Jacobi, E.F.: The Zoo of the Future. S. 34-37.

Principles Exemplified in Plans for Individual Big Zoos

  • Johnson, J.M.: A Zoo for All Seasons. S. 40-43.
  • Seaton, P[er]: Comprehensive Plan for the Copenhagen Zoo and New Ways of Display. S. 44-47.
  • Gribl, Jörg: Development Plan for the Munich Zoological Gardens, Hellabrunn. S. 48-53.
  • Alonso, J.A.: A Brief Note on Preparations for the New Zoo in Madrid. S. 54.

Facilities, Structures and Materials

  • Everly, R.E.: Sanitation, Transportation and Communication for the Public in a Modern Zoological Park. S. 56-62.
  • Graham-Jones, O[liver]: Zoo Hospital Design Problems. S. 63-66.
  • Dam, D. Van: Three New Structures at Blijdorp Zoo, Rotterdam. S. 67-68.
  • Dittrich, L[othar]: Narrow Moats Respected as Enclosure Boundaries by Ungulates. S. 69-73.
  • Maxwell, M.: Planting in Zoo Design. S. 74-76.
  • Michelmore, A. P[hilip] G.: Plants as Zoo Adjuncts. S. 77-81.
  • Toovey, J[ohn] W.: Zoo Building Materials. S. 82-87.

Quarters for Large Aquatic Mammals

  • Jones, J.: Successful Underwater Viewing of Hippopotamus. S. 90-91.
  • Taylor, D[avid] C.: Principles of Cetacean Accommodation. S. 92-97.
  • Cansdale, G.S.: Water Management for Sea Mammals, in Particular Seals and Sea Lions. S. 98-102.

Indoor Exhibitions

  • Hodge, R.P.: Contemporary Methods of Communication to Increase the Perception of the Participant in the Amphibian and Reptile Display Facility. S. 104-112.
  • Clarke, K.: Tropical Rain Forest at Topeka Zoo. S. 113-116.
  • Brenner, D.: The Great Ape House in the Urban Zoo. S. 117-119.

Aviaries and Bird Gardens

  • Risdon, D.H.S.: Aviary Design and Construction. S. 122-129.
  • Olney, P[eter] J.S.: Walk-through Aviaries. S. 130-136.
  • Hill, L.: The Idea of a Bird Garden. S. 137-139.
  • Goodall, J.E.M.: Designing Wildfowl Refuges to Suit Both Birds and People. S. 140-150.

Wildlife Parks

  • Manton, V.J.A.: Design of Paddocks for Herd Animals. S. 152-154.
  • Chipperfield, J[immy] S.M.: The Safari Park Concept. S. 155-158.

Zoos for Children

  • Everly, R.E.: Fun, Fantasy and Function in Children's Zoos. S. 161-164.
  • Hatley, Jan: Animals Versus Children. S. 165-168
  • Shulov, A.S.: Proposed Children's Biblical Zoo in Jerusalem. S. 169-170.

Zoo Design 2. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Zoo Design and Construction.

Paignton, 11th - 13th May 1976. Editor: A. P[hilip] G. Michelmore. Paignton Zoological & Botanical Gardens Ltd. 1977.

  • Jourde, P[aul]: Maximum Freedom for Harmless Animals in a Rural Zoo. S. 1-3.
  • Dyhrberg, A[rne] S.: Naturalistic Quarters for Animals. S. 7-10.
  • Mottershead, G[eorge] S[aul]: Thoughts on Reptile Quarters. S. 13-14.
  • Haberkorn, E[rnst] D[ieter]: Dolphinarium Construction. S. 18-20.
  • Graham-Jones, O[liver]: Animal Restraint Equipment. S. 22-25.
  • Vantol, L[ettie] M.: Quarantine Quarters. S. 28-32.
  • Greed, G[eoffrey] R.: A Moduled Cantilevered Temporary Cage. S. 35-36.
  • Hale, I[dris] G[eorge]: Aviary Construction. S. 37-41.
  • Williams, G.F.: Economy in Zoo Design. S. 45-48.
  • Mallinson, J[eremy] J.C.: The Establishment of Breeding Groups of Marmosets at the Jersey Zoological Park. S. 54-59.
  • Francis, W.E.: Consider the Public! S. 62-66.
  • Hatley, Jan: The Zoo in the Public Eye. S. 67-71.
  • Michelmore, A. P[hilip] G.: The Basic Needs of an Educational Zoo. S. 76-84.
  • Everts, Wolf: The Contact Area of the Zoo Hannover- "Die Streichelwiese". S. 85-88.
  • Scherpner, C[hristoph]: Building Materials for Animal Quarters. S. 94-100.
  • Arnold, R.M.: Protective Finishes for Concrete, Timber and Steel Surfaces. S. 101-105.
  • Seward, B[rian] M.: Bits and Pieces. S. 106-112.
  • Mottershead, G[eorge] S[aul]: The Use and Misuse of Glass in Zoos. S. 115-116.
  • Cansdale, G.S.: Modern Lighting for Zoos. S. 120-123.
  • Cawley, R.: The Design and Construction of Animal Houses in Safari Parks. S. 126-129.
  • Joslin, P[aul]: Wise Use of Plants in Three Asiatic Zoos. S. 132-134.
  • Djakoure, A.: The Effects of the Hot, Wet Tropical Climate on Zoos: The Case of the National Zoological Park of Abidjan (Ivory Coast). S. 135-137.
  • Trebbau, P[edro]: Tropical Zoo Problems. S. 138-140.
  • Maniacky Boutsocky-Bakala, D[ugrés] D[ominique]: Problems of an Equatorial Zoo. S. 141-142.
  • Fisher, Lord [John Vavasseur]: Design in a Small Zoo. S. 144-147.
  • Michelmore, A. P[hilip] G.: The Spider Web Zoo. S. 150-154.

Zoo Design 3. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Zoo Design and Construction.

Paignton, 13th - 15th May 1980. Editor: A. P[hilip] G. Michelmore. The Herbert Whitley Trust / Paignton Zoological & Botanical Gardens Ltd. 1982.


  • Bonnyman, J.F.: The Use of Unskilled Labour. S. 1-3.

Techniques of Exhibition, Construction & Design

  • Drieschman, W. Scott: Waterfowl Exhibit Techniques at Sea World. S. 5-7.
  • Gribl, J[örg]: A Walk-through Aviary at the Munich Zoo "Tierpark Hellabrunn". S. 10-13.
  • Sims, K[en] J.: The Development of a Simple But Versatile System of Caging for the New Wildlife Gardens at Thrigby Hall. S. 14-17.
  • Toovey, J[ohn] W.: Aspects of Animal Housing at the London and Whipsnade Zoos in Recent Years. S. 19-23.
  • Mayled, G.: Animal House Design and Ventilation Requirements of Farm Animals. S. 25-42.
  • Lensink, B.M.: New Small Mammal House at ARTIS Zoo and Aquarium, Amsterdam. S. 43-47.
  • Drieschman, W. S[cott]: San Diego Sea World - Water Filtration, a Choice of Systems. S. 48-50.

Heat and Electricity

  • Fisher, Lord [John Vavasseur]: Radiant Heat. S. 52-53.
  • Hale, I[dris] G[eorge]: An Economical Heating System. S. 55-58.
  • Scherpner, C[hristoph]: Artificial Climate in Animal Exhibits - Animal Needs and Technical Solution. S. 61-66.
  • Payne, H.M.: Electricity for Security in Safari Parks. S. 67-69.

Animal Parks

  • Tonge, J[ulian] R.: Some Aspects of Safari Park Design. S. 77-81.
  • Salzert, W[olfgang]: Six Years' Experience With Barbary Ape Park. S. 84-86.
  • Jourde, P[aul]: An Animal Kingdom: A Zoo Design Where Constructions Are Rare and Freedom Is Plentiful. S. 89-91.

Cold Country Zoos

  • Roots, C[live] G.: Building for 40° Below Zero. S. 93-97.
  • Schassburger, R[onald] M.: The Seasonal Display of Plants and Animals As a New Form of Exhibit. S. 100-106.
  • Boese, G[ilbert] K.: Design and Construction of Zoos in the Northern Temperate Zone of the United States. S. 108-110.
  • Spitsin, V[ladimir] V.: A New Zoo in the South-West of Moscow. S. 113-115.

Hot Country Zoos

  • Harrison, B[ernard]: Polar Bears in a Tropical Climate. S. 116-121.
  • Toovey, J[ohn] W.: Hot Country Zoos. S. 123-126.
  • Latham, R[oy]: Developing a New Zoo and Botanical Gardens for Tripoli. S. 128-130.
  • Dickinson, P[eter]: An Arid Zone Zoo. S. 133-136.
  • Harrison, B[ernard]: The Design of Primate Islands at the Singapore Zoological Gardens. S. 139-146.

New Zoos for Old

  • Gribl, J[örg]: Hellabrunn Children's Zoo. S. 149.
  • Jones, Grant R., Paulson, D.R & Jon C. Coe: Zoo Design Methodologies According to Bioclimatic and Zoogeographic Principles. S. 153-165.
  • Hancocks, D[avid]: Naturalistic Solutions to Zoo Design Problems. S. 166-173.
  • Tsao, A[lbert] C.: The Methodology of Taipei Zoological Gardens. S. 176-179.
  • Forman, L. R[onald] & J[ack] Cochran: Transforming an Old Zoo Into a New Zoo. S. 180-186.
  • Thomas, W[arren] D.: The Redefinition of the Los Angeles Zoo. S. 189-191.
  • Crothers, J[ohn] W.: The Design and Construction of New Zoological Gardens for the City of Belfast. S. 192-194.
  • Goodall, S.E.M. & J.B. Blossom: Arrangements for Blind and Other Handicapped Visitors at the Wildfowl Trust, Slimbridge. S. 196-200.
  • Hatley, J[an]: Please, Mr. Director, Sir! The Captive Needs of a Dangerous Species - the Zoo Education Officer. S. 202-205.
  • Schassburger, R[onald] M.: Planning for Research Capabilities in Exhibit Design: The Wolf Woods at Ross Park Zoological Gardens. S. 209-214.
  • Grosjean, G[arnet]: Tynehead Zoological Gardens: A People Project for Animals - An Animal Project for People. S. 216-224.
  • Rodiek, J[on] & M[ike] Flint: The Zoo Enclosure and its Role in Zoological Gardens Evolution. S. 228-234.

Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Zoo Design and Construction.

Paignton, 14th - 18th May 1989. Editors: Peter M.C. Stevens. Whitley Wildlife Conservation Trust 1992.

  • Stevens, Peter [M.C.]: Acknowledgements. S. 1.
  • Stevens, Peter [M.C.]: Introduction. S. 2-3.

Master Plans

  • Michelmore, A. P[hilip] G.: Looking backwards, looking forwards. S. 4-9.
  • Brambell, M[ichael] R.: Master plans - a director's view. S. 10-16.
  • Meckley, Priscilla: Master planning: a lifetime full of experiences. S. 17-23.
  • Toovey, John: Briefing, design and project implementation, through project management for people, wildlife and environments. S. 24-29.
  • Elliott, D.A.: An architect's requirement for a brief from zoo personnel. S. 30-42.
  • Scherpner, C[hristoph]: Proposals by Frankfurt Zoo to build a second zoo and the master plan. S. 43-47.
  • Jones, D[avid] M. & R.A. Kock: Management problems for zoos in the Middle East. S. 48-53.
  • Bagban, M.H.: Master plans. A study of a zoological park at Durgadevi Hills, Nigadi, Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, Poona, India. S. 54-61.


  • Hatley, Jan: Building in the message. S. 62-65.
  • Mohd, Tunku & Nazim Yaacob: The Reptile House, Zoo Neagra. An educational exhibit for amphibians and reptiles. S. 66-70.
  • Lunding, Lars: Right enclosure design - before stories can be told. S. 71-85.
  • Walker, Sally: Zoo design and visitor perception and behaviour in Indian zoos. S. 86-92.

Aquatic exhibits

  • Bonillas, Stan: Modern water retaining glazing, acrylic and glass viewing components. S. 93-96.
  • Scott, Peter W.: The impact of biological requirements on the development of aquarium systems, with particular reference to shark exhibits. S. 97-108.
  • Gribl, Jörg: Danubium. Conceptual project for the Zoological Gardens of Straubing. S. 109-111.
  • Causer, Mike: Aquarium technology tailored to the European market. S. 112-114.


  • Knowles, J[ohn] M. & A.J. Bickley: The development of ungulate housing at Marwell Zoological Park. S. 115-120.
  • Manwarren, David: New exhibitry: a contractor's perspective. S. 121-126.
  • Tewnion, John: The 3 r's of rezoovination - restore, reprogramme, replace. S. 126-129.
  • Miller, Zvi: Particular design problems in two new metropolitan zoos in Israel. S. 130-131.
  • Golding, Robert R.: Some materials and techniques for tropical exhibits. S. 132-143.
  • Schibley, J. Anthony: Hold that thought. Creating a cutting edge interpretative design package that visitors will remember. S. 144-146.
  • Cronin, J.M.: The application of electric fencing to enclose primate reserves. S. 147-149.

Animal needs - Psychological and Physical

  • Poole, Trevor B.: The environmental needs of different species of animal in captivity. S. 150-155.
  • Shepherdson, D.: Design for behaviour: designing environments to stimulate natural behaviour patterns in captive animals. S. 156-168.
  • Robinson, Michael H.: Classical ethology and zoo exhibits: homage to Niko Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz. S. 169-178.
  • Mallinson, Jeremy J.C.: Maximising natural behaviour for primates in captivity. S. 179-185.
  • Maple, T[erry] L. & J[acqueline] J. Ogden: Designing for apes: the comparative psychology of gorillas and orangutans. S. 186-194.
  • Kastelein, Ron: The use of scientific research in zoos, in the design of species specific housing facilities. S. 195.
  • Parikh, Mona: Animal needs, physical and psychological, as incorporated in the plan for the Pimpri-Chimchwad Municipal Zoo, India. S. 196-203.
  • Glatston, Angela R.: Designing for Red pandas. S. 204-211.

Case Studies

  • Fisher, Lord [John Vavasseur]: The marmoset conservatory Kilverstone Wildlife Park. S. 212-217.
  • Salzert, Wolfgang: The wetland avriary in Rheine Zoo. S. 218-222.
  • LaMarca, Lora A.: Adenture Island. The new children's area at the Los Angeles Zoo. S. 223-228.
  • Rutgers, Pieter: Stanley Park Zoological Gardens. Development of a master plan with a regional theme. S. 229-233.
  • Johnson, Jerry M.: The Franklin Park Zoo revisited. S. 234-238.
  • Ounsted, Mike: Flamingos: a zoo's most valuable exhibit. S. 239-243.

Conservation Centres for the New Millennium. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Zoo Design.

Paignton, May 1998. Editors: Amy B. Plowman & Peter M.C. Stevens. Whitley Wildlife Conservation Trust 1999. ISBN 0-9509294-3-3.


  • Stevens, Peter: Zoos for the 21st Century. S. 3-6.

Changing Roles and Reconstruction

  • Walker, Sally, Ashraf, N.V.K., Rathinasabapathy, B., Gupta, Brij Kishore & Adit Pal: The Nilgiri Biosphere Conservation Park: Biodiversity Conservation for the 21st Century. S. 9-14.
  • Hulyer, Doug: The Wetland Centre: London's Best Kept Secret. S. 15-21.
  • Rosenthal, Mark: The Changing Image of a City Zoo. S. 22-25.
  • Graetz, Michael & Simon Corder: Night Safari Four Years After: A Post Occupancy Review. S. 26-35.
  • Pechlaner, Helmut: 246 Years of Zoo Design at Schönbrunn. S. 36-39.
  • McGuire, David F.: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally at the River's Edge. S. 40-44.
  • Draper, John: A South East Asian Rainforest in Adelaide. S. 45-47.

Designing for Welfare

  • Kirkwood, James K.: Accommodation for Wild Animals in Captivity: How Do We Know When We've Got it Right? S. 51-62.
  • Porter, J. Douglas: Toward a State of Welfare. S. 63-68.
  • Richardson, Douglas M.: Staged Scene or Quality Space. S. 69-72.
  • Bukojemsky, Allegra & Hal Markowitz: Environmental Enrichment and Exhibit Design: The Possibilities of Integration. S. 73-76.
  • Johann, Achim & Wolfgang Salzert: The New Enclosure for Gelada Baboons at Rheine Zoo: Bringing Together Species-specific Needs and Visitor Demands. S. 77-81.
  • O'Brian, Steve: New Monkey Islands Concept. S. 82-89.
  • Bemment, Neil: The Marie Le Fevre Ape Centre at Paignton Zoo Environmental Park. S. 90-94.

Designing for Education

  • Hanson, Becca & Phil Aldrich: Growing Together with Nature: New Approaches to Meeting the Needs of Young Children in Zoos. S. 97-100.
  • Woollard, Stephen P.: Designing for Education and Educating Design at Bristol Zoo Gardens. S. 101-107.
  • Vernon, Cynthia L. & Carol D. Saunders: What Good is 'The Swamp'? Motivating Visitors for Conservation Through an Exhibit. S. 108-111.
  • Lücker, Hubert: The New 'Underground Zoo' in Zoo Dresden. S. 112-114.
  • Iles, Roger: Meso-America: Jaguar Jungle. S. 115-117.
  • Jordan, Mike: The Potential for Exhibition and Interpretation of Small Mammal Displays. S. 118-126.

Design Aims and Processes

  • Robinson, Michael H.: The Optimal and the Possible: 10 Years of Building the BioPark. S. 129-137.
  • Vliet, Erik van: The Art of Telling a Different Story. S. 138-140.
  • Bertram, Brian, Carroll, Bryan, Dow, Sue & Geoffrey Greed: Bristol Zoo's Development Programme. S. 141-146.
  • Post, Hans: Comprehensive Design. S. 147-151.
  • Peterkin, Don: A Role for Community Partners in Zoo Exhibit Design. S. 152-156.
  • McGill, Patty: Staff Involvement and the Exhibit Design Process: Integrating Outcomes for Animals, Visitors and Conservation. S. 157-162.


  • Venebles, Andrew & Christine Lucas: Electric Fencing in Zoo Enclosure Design. S. 165-167.
  • Davydov, Pavel & Vladislav Shargin: Landscape Design in a Megalopolis: Reconstruction of Moscow Zoo. S. 168-170.

Innovation or Replication? Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Zoo Design.

Paignton, May 2004. Editors: Amy B. Plowman & Simon J. Tonge. Whitley Wildlife Conservation Trust 2005. ISBN 0-9509294-4-1.

The Perfect Exhibit, Is it Possible?

  • Brighton, Jim: Trail of the Elephant: Education, Entertainment and Enrichment at the Melbourne Zoo. S. 1-5.
  • Veasey, Jake: Whose Zoo Is it Anyway? Integrating Animal, Human and Institutional Requirements in Exhibit Design. S. 7-16.
  • Lunding Andersen, Lars: New Elephant House in Copenhagen Zoo. S. 17-23.
  • Corder, Simon: A Free-living Nocturnal Zoo Exhibit. S. 25-30.
  • Jeggo, David: Jewels of the Forest. S. 31-36.

The Art of Zoo Design

  • McClintock, Keith: Constructed Realism: Incorporating the Principles of Art and Perception to Communicate Realistic Natural Habitat. S. 37-42.
  • Maier, Gerhard: Brad Pitt Is a Monkey. How a Zoo Works Like a Movie. S. 43-47.
  • Harpley, Paul: New Exhibitry in a Changing World. S. 49-60.
  • Chastain, Bob: The Defining Moment. S. 61-65.
  • Vliet, Erik van: An Ambience for the Visitor's Own Story. S. 67-69.
  • Fiby, Monika & Dirk Petzold: Zoo Design: Replication - Innovation - Evolution. Information Management by WWW.ZOOLEX.ORG. S. 71-74.
  • Simmons, Lee: Zoo and Aquarium Design: Playing 'The What If Game'. S. 75-78.

The Science and Nature of Zoo Design

  • Henning, Michelle: Making Things Happen: Interactivity in Zoos and Museums. S. 79-86.
  • Lindahl Elliot, Nils: The Natures of Naturalistic Enclosures. S. 87-97.
  • Dow, Sue & Brian Bertram: Innovation and Learning: How Bristol Zoo Gardens' Seal and Penguin Coast Exhibit Works. S. 99-109.
  • Maple, Terry L.: Post Occupancy Evaluation in the Zoo: Toward a Science od Appropriate, Functional, and Superior Exhibitry for Animals and People. S. 111-117.
  • Melfi, Vicky, Bowkett, Andrew, Plowman, Amy & Kirsten Pullen: Do Zoo Designers Know Enough About Animals?. S. 119-127.
  • Simmons, Lee: Computer Modeling as an Aid in Zoo Design and Capital Gifts. S. 129-132.
  • Tonge, Simon: How to Procure Large Capital Projects: The Example of Living Coasts, Torquay, UK. S. 133-138.

The Environment of Zoo Design

  • Sigsgaard, Jens: A House of Straw. S. 139-142.
  • Turner, Ian: Animals are the Icing on the Cake, But Are You Using the Right Ingredients?. S. 143-146.
  • Herk, Robert van & Jacques Radder: The Botanical Approach to Continents in Rotterdam Zoo. S. 147-150.
  • Engelsma, Frans J., Pal, Simon van der, Weerd, Hans van & Toon Weerts: The Future of Artis Zoo, Amsterdam. S. 151-155.
  • Bemment, Neil: Recent Developments at Paignton Zoo Environmental Park. S. 157-159.
ein Absatz Hervorschauender Katta